The United Kingdom has one of the oldest transportation networks in the world. The Romans built the first modern roads in the land after their invasion in the 1st century AD. The country has also the oldest railway system in the world. But what are the current trends in the field?
Increase of car-use
The first year for which annual reviews about the use of cars in the UK was 1952. Ever since the statistics show that the use of cars has been increasing steadily until they became the preferred mode for transportation for residents.
Pictured: Cars have become the preferred means of transportation for people in the UK
Actually, in the past several years, nearly 83% of the long-distance travels done by English people were made either by car or taxi. 5 % used the bus and just 10% – a train. This shows another important trend in the transportation industry in the country, and that is the lowering of the popularity of trains for long-distance travel.
Shrinking railway network
With less and less people actually using trains in order to travel across long distances, logically the rail network is becoming less and less expansive too. Many stations and lines are being closed for the simple reason that they are no longer necessary. Today trains are used for mainly daily commutes in large cities such as London, Liverpool and Manchester. Interestingly enough, despite the rise in popularity of cars, the road system is not getting larger with the same rate. The major road network grew from 44 71 miles in 1951 to 50 853 miles in 1990 and even demonstrated a slight decrease to 50 265 in 2010. Due to this fact, the ever-present traffic jams, especially in big cities and on major roads, are becoming a bigger problem than ever.